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2007 ISNA & Saudi

 

 

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2007 ISNA/Saudi Ramadan and Eidain Date

What is a Hilal?

Why Should Muslims Look for it?

ISNA Fiqh Council fixed dates for N. America (fixed by the "New Moon before 12:00Noon GMT") are:

            Ramadan 1428                     September 13        (Begins from the sunset on Sep. 12)

            Eid al-Fitr                             October 12             (Friday)

            Eid al-Adha                          December 20         (Thursday)

Saudi dates in Ummal-Qura calendar (fixed by the "New Moon date + moonset after sunset in Makkah") are:

            Ramadan 1428                      September 13        (Begins from the sunset on Sep. 12)

            Eid al-Fitr                              October 13             (Saturday)

            Eid al-Adha                           December 20         (Thursday)

Do these dates fulfill the Shariah requirement of a visible Hilal? Actually NONE.  ISNA Fiqh Council says that “Seeing the Moon” (Ru’ya) is not required by the Shari’ah.

The Hilal cannot be seen in the USA, Canada or Makkah on Wednesday, September 12. Its altitude is too low. It will be easily visible on Thursday evening, making Friday, Sep 14, the first date of Ramadan. (In South Africa and South America it may be visible on Sep. 12)

Shawwal moon will be visible only in South America (and southern USA??) on Friday, October 12. For most of the USA, Canada and Makkah the most likely Eid date is Sunday Oct. 14.

D. Hijjah Hilal is likely to be seen on December 11 in most of the world (except December 10 in South America). The moon is too far south to become visible in the northern hemisphere on December 9 or 10. Based on the moon’s probable visibility in Saudi Arabia, Hajj date in Makkah should be December 20.

CFCO International Reaffirms Its Definition of Hilal:

Hilal is a waxing crescent moon seen after the sunset on the 29th or 30th day of the lunar month. The moon should be visible by the naked eye to everyone with normal vision. A moon seen through only a telescope or binoculars, not followed by a naked eye sighting or seen by one or two witnesses, does not fulfill the Shari’ah requirement of its visibility, as the Fuqaha stated for the last 1400+ years.

Ru’yah (Seeing a crescent moon): The majority of Ulema, including Sh. Uthaimeen (S. Arabia) allow only the naked eye sighting for fixing the first date of the Islamic month.

ISNA FC’s fixed dates are NOT based on the moon’s visibility (Ru’yah). Therefore must be rejected.

Islamic Hijri Dates 2007:

(CFCO dates are based on a visible Hilal somewhere in N. America)

2007/1428  CFCO (Abdali) Monzur Shaukat ISNA Saudi ME Calendars Jewish
Muharram Jan. 21 (Sun) Jan. 20  Jan. 21 Jan. 20  Jan. 20 Jan. 20 Jan. 20
Ramadan Sep. 14 (Fri) Sep. 13  Sep. 13 Sep. 13  Sep. 13 Sep. 13  Sep. 13
Eid al-Fitr Oct. 14 (Sun) Oct. 13 Oct. 13 Oct. 12 Oct. 13  Oct. 13   Oct. 13
Eid al-Adha Dec. 21 (Fri) Dec. 20 Dec. 21  Dec. 20 Dec. 20 Dec. 20 Dec. 20

* For the criteria used by various calendar-makers see: “Crescent’s earliest Visibility” on www.islamicmoon.com