Qaradawi Saw Ramadan Moon at
DOHA , October 2, 2005 (IslamOnline.net) – Yusuf Al-Qaradawi
said Muslims can sight the new moon in the afternoon on Monday, October 3, when
the sun reaches its zenith. "If the moon is sighted after noon, Muslim scholars
agree that the following day marks the beginning of the new month (Ramadan).”
Qaradawi, the head of the Dublin-based European Council
for Fatwa and Research (ECFR), said calculations indicate that a partial eclipse
will occur after 12:30 p.m. on Monday. "At that time, the Ramadan moon will be
born and could be seen in the Gulf region using special glasses." He expected a
better sighting in both Libya and Sudan .
"Therefore, the beginning of Ramadan will fall on
Tuesday, October 4."
If what Islamonline quotes from the Sheikh is true, then
it is a shameful example of any Alim’s ignorance, and his misuse of Islamic
text for his wrong position. Let us see how many blunder’s Qaradawi committed.
According to him:
The New Moon (at conjunction) can be “SEEN”.
The moon that eclipsed the sun in the afternoon on
Monday, October 3, 2005 was the Hilal of Ramadan.
time, the Ramadan moon will be born, and could be seen in the
region using special glasses."
This ‘birth’ fulfilled the “sighting of Hilal”
The invisible New Moon was the Hilal of Ramadan
The Hadith "If the moon is sighted in the after
noon…”could be interpreted to mean beginning of Ramadan 1426 by the
astronomical New Moon.
He expected a “better sighting”
of the New Moon in both Libya and Sudan.
Qaradawi is wrong on every point. The Muslim Ummah has
reached the low point where Ulema like Qaradawi take on the lead and nobody
cares to challenge the nitwit.
Qaradawi advocates fixing the Islamic dates by the
invisible “New Moon” only because it can be accurately “calculated”.
In 1987, when I was asked to review his chapter on moon
sighting in his newly published book “Kaifa nata’amalu…” I sent him
(through IIIT, in English) a detailed rebuttal of his position. The main points
The New Moon is NOT HILAL (the crescent moon of the
Qur’an and the Sunnah).
The New Moon is always INVISIBLE (even through a
powerful telescope). Its crescent formation does not start until its
elongation reaches at least 7 degrees. Its visibility depends on many other
The New Moon occurs at all times of day and night.
Therefore, it cannot determine the beginning of an Islamic month (Hilal is
the “Meeqat”, not the conjunction).
An Islamic month / day / date begins with a visible
crescent moon at sunset.
A crescent moon’s visibility now can also be
calculated. What is needed is a lunar dateline to make a fixed global
calendar based on the Hilal of the Qur’an and the Sunnah.
Qaradawi’s use of the Hadith in this context is very
unfortunate and proves his utter ignorance. The same Hadith tells that a moon
“seen before noon” is to be taken for the previous evening. Had the eclipse on
Oct. 3, 2005 occurred before noon (only 31 minutes earlier at 11.59am) would
Qaradawi issue a fatwa telling the Muslims that they missed a day of Ramadan by
not fasting on Oct. 3?
As long as the Ulema (and Muslim leadership) keep on
issuing senseless Fatawa on issues they don’t have the basic knowledge of, there
is no hope the Muslims will ever come out of the sorry state they are in now.